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Traffic Safety and Environment

In the area of Traffic Safety and Environment, we have the following research projects.

  • Master Curriculum, Capacity Building and Network Development in Traffic Safety in EU,
    Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon (MENA-SAFE)
  • Traffic Safety and Energy Efficiency of Future Street Lighting Systems (SEG)
  • EU-EG-JO Joint Master Programme in Intelligent Transport Systems (JOINITS)
  • EU-RU-UA Master and PhD Programs in Intelligent Transport Systems (CITIISET)
  • Enterprise University Partnership (EUPART)
  • Advanced Curriculum in Intelligent Transport Systems by means of ICT (TransITS)
  • Jordan-Sweden Research Links in Pedestrian Safety  
  • Curriculum Development in Road Safety, Supported with ICT (SafeIT)
  • Linking Road Safety Countermeasures with Energy Efficiency
  • ASNet (The ASEAN Region Traffic Safety Network for E-learning and Networking)
  • Techtrans (Developing E-learning Applications and Courses in Road Safety to Russian Universities)
  • ICT in developing regions, "SPIDER-link ITN/LiU"
  • RSDI (Road Safety Development Index)
  • Globesafe – a database for analyzing road safety in different countries

Master Curriculum, Capacity Building and Network Development in Traffic Safety in EU,
Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon (MENA-SAFE)


Participants: Ghazwan Al Haji

Road traffic accidents are a growing health, social and economic problem in the partner countries Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon. Whereas EU countries, steadily and systematically reduced the numbers and severity of road accidents last decades. The MENASAFE project is a three-year European Project, under Erasmus+ program, started in October 2015. The project will offer and implement:
- A wide market analysis to know the perception and needs of university and Industry regarding the new curriculum in Traffic Safety.
- Web-based EU-MENA Traffic Safety Network between University-Industry for sharing of experiences and data.
- Webinar online meetings for sharing academic discussion and practices.
- Handbook of best practices and standards in Traffic Safety between EU-EG-JO-LB.
- OpenCourseWare for teachers and students.
- Web-based EU-EG-JO-LB road traffic accidents and benchamrking databases.

This project is financed by the European Commission.

Contact: Ghazwan Al Haji

 

Traffic Safety and Energy Efficiency of Future Street Lighting Systems


Participants: Ghazwan Al Haji

The traffic accident rates and severity at night is almost 2-3 times than in daylight despite that only about 20% of traffic flow takes place at night. Road lighting was proved to be an effective solution for traffic safety. However, the energy consumption is too high. There are mainly two approaches to save energy for lighting on traffic roads: (a) to use new types of energy efficient lamps, and (b) to dim lamps on roads at low or no traffic. In recent years, new solutions of road lighting in terms of LED lamps and Adaptive Road Lighting are increasingly used in many developed countries. In Sweden, these new technologies have been also tested in few roads. The study aims to analyse and evaluate the effects of the new solutions of road lighting from both energy savings and road safety perspective. The study will carry out a state-of-art, provide suggestions and framework on methods and indicators and to carry out a simple case study. The project will cooperate with The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), and few Municipalities in Sweden. This project has been funded by Energimyndigheten.

Contact: Ghazwan Al Haji

 

EU-EG-JO Joint Master Programme in Intelligent Transport Systems (JOINITS)


Participants: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

Motorisation and urbanisation are growing very fast without control in the project partner countries (Egypt and Jordan), which resulted negative impacts in road transport in terms of inefficiency transport, congestion, poor public transport, land use, traffic accidents, emissions, energy consumption, etc. Intelligent transport systems (ITS) has been proved in many EU countries to be effective solutions in solving current and future transport problems and challenges. The JOINITS projects is a three-year European Project, started in October 2012. The project aims to develop and offer a master programme in ITS according to the "Bologna process" requirements, and corresponds to the complexity and nature of transport in EG-JO. The ITS programme will be based on successful course materials, knowledge, teaching methods available at EU universities. New teaching methods and ICT will be introduced within the project. A new scientific journal in ITS will be established in the region. Further, an effective relationship between academic and industry will be further enhanced. The consortium of the project consists of 3 European universities, 4 Universities in Egypt, 4 Universities in Jordan and 2 authorities in Jordan. The grant holder and coordinator of the project is LiU/ITN. This project is financed by the European Commission.

Contact: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

 

EU-RU-UA Master and PhD Programs in Intelligent Transport Systems (CITIISET)


Participants: Ghazwan Al Haji

The CITISET is a three-year Regional Joint European Project carried out within the framework of TEMPUS Program, started in October 2011. The aim of the project is to develop EU based advanced interdisciplinary Master and PhD Programs in the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) focused on the integration of the modern telecommunications and information technology into vehicles and traffic control of Air, Water, Railway and Road transport systems and introduce them in the Russian (RU) and Ukraine (UA) Universities participated in the project. The developed programmes will be offered in September 2013. The project will introduce quality assurance system of educational process, which will be also based on the EU Universities experience. Further, training and re-training of teachers will be carried out in EU and home universities. The consortium of the project consists of 4 European universities, 4 Universities in Russia and 4 Universities in Ukraine. LiU/ITN is a partner in this project. CITISET Project is financed by the European Commission. The project website: http://citiset.org.ua

Contact: Ghazwan Al Haji

 

Enterprise University Partnership (EUPART)


Participants: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

The last decade has seen tremendous growth in the use of IP (intellectual property) protection in business ventures. As a result, more and more universities are establishing technology transfer offices (TTOs) to assist in the legal transfer of technology. The EUPART is a three-year European Project carried out within the framework of TEMPUS Program, started in SEP 2009. The aim of the project is to analysing the University-Industry cooperation in EU & Egypt, and establishing four TTOs in four Egyptian universities. Capacity building for its staff will be enhanced. An e-learning module will facilitate the knowledge transfer that will be acquired during the project. The consortium of the project consists of four Egyptian Universities, the Egyptian Patent Office, Vienna University of Technology, Linkoping university, Sweden, Polytechnic University of Turin, Italy, Freie university Berlin, Germany and the European Patent Office. The grant holder of the project is the American University in Cairo. This project is financed by the European Commission. The Project website http://www.eupart.org/

Contact: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

 

Advanced Curriculum in Intelligent Transport Systems by means of ICT (TransITS)


Participants: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

Research shows clearly that the transport systems are important for economic and social growth in any country. There are however considerable transport problems to be overcome (mobility, Energy, environment, safety, etc) which could be addressed and solved, among many strategies, through the use of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS). The TransITS project is a three-year Joint European Project carried out within the framework of TEMPUS Program, started in February 2009. The aim of the project is to develop a new master curriculum on ITS at universities in Syria based on shared knowledge experience within the project partners. The consortium of the project consists of five Universities in Syria, the Ministry of Transport (MoT), the Municipalities in Aleppo and Homs, the Syrian Engineering Association, the Syrian Student Association, Linköping University (Sweden), Klagenfurt University (Austria), Gdansk University of Technology (Poland), and The Technological Institute (TEI) of Piraeus (Greece), ITS-Arab organisation and an individual expert from the Scott Wilson Engineering Group Ltd in UK. The project is structured into three phases: Phase one: current curriculum analysis at partner institution; Phase two: the development of a new curriculum and Phase three the realisation and implementation of the new curriculum. The grant holder and coordinator of the project is LiU/ITN. This project is financed by the European Commission. The Project website http://www.tempus-transits.eu/

Contact: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

Jordan-Sweden Research Links in Pedestrian Safety


Participants: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

Pedestrians are the largest group of road-users and they represent a high-risk group in road traffic accidents and their proportion of road casualties is too high in most countries. By international standards, Sweden has made substantial progress in efforts to achieve a safe traffic for pedestrians. This progress happened as a result of a successful number of prevention and remedial measures. In Jordan, pedestrian accidents are still over represented and growing. Additionally child and school pedestrians are still receiving insufficient attention, efforts and research in Jordan. The aim of the project is to establish mutual research and cooperation between researchers at ITN/KTS department in Linkoping University in Sweden and researchers at Al-Balqa Applied University in Jordan in the field of pedestrian’s safety. Further, the safety of school children is seen as a main target of the study. The study develops, analyses and tests several techniques e.g. Intelligent Transport System (ITS) applications, which will be applied to hazardous sites nearby schools in Sweden and Jordan. The joint research activities include visits, workshops, joint publishing and joint conference papers. The project is awarded for three years started from January 2008. This project is funded by The Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet).

Contact: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

Curriculum Development in Road Safety, Supported with ICT (SafeIT)


Participants: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

Today, there exists a large body of knowledge and research in different European universities about issues related to road safety but there is a vast lack of knowledge and experiences in this field in many developing countries such as in Syria. The SafeIT is a two-year Joint European Project carried out within the framework of TEMPUS Program, started in November 2007. The aim of the project is to develop a new master curriculum on road safety at universities in Syria based on EU experience. The consortium of the project consists of two European universities and two Syrian universities; which are Linköping University (Sweden), Gdansk University of Technology (Poland), University of Aleppo (Syria) and Al-Baath University (Syria). In addition to collaboratory partners include the Ministry of Transportation in Syria, Al-Balqa University in Jordan, and Automobile & Road Technical University (MADI) in Russia. The new curriculum will be supported with new teaching method so called Problem Based Learning (PBL) which stimulates students’ creative thinking. Additionally, the curriculum will be supported with ICT skills for both staff and students for education and communication. The new curriculum will be adapted to the problems, needs and characteristics of traffic in the partner countries. The project is structured into three phases: Phase one: current curriculum analysis at partner institution; Phase two: the development of a new curriculum and Phase three the realisation and implementation of the new curriculum. The grant holder and coordinator of the project is LiU/ITN. This project is financed by the European Commission. The project website: http://www.tempus-safeit.eu/

Contact: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

Linking Road Safety Countermeasures with Energy Efficiency


Participants: Ghazwan Al Haji

Road safety development has become a top priority for national and local policy-makers due to increasing awareness of the high social and economic costs of accidents. However, matching this priority with adequate budget costs, decreasing the negative environmental affects issues, and lowering the energy consumption, are big questions now a days. There are different alternatives of engineering countermeasures in vehicle and roads that can be applied to improve road safety. Therefore, policy makers have to make the right choice between them by taking into account other factors such as energy efficiency. This project aims to make a survey of national and international research in the concerned field and analyse the effects of the research results found to get more understanding of different safety countermeasures that are established, operated and used on roads. For instance on how energy consumption related to road lighting and speed management would be managed and assessed. This project has been funded by Energimyndigheten.

Contact: Ghazwan Al Haji

ASNet (The ASEAN Region Traffic Safety Network for E-learning and Networking)


Participants: Kenneth Asp, Per Lindskog, Ghazwan Al Haji

The ASNet is an internet based regional network which is designed to strengthen the regional cooperation via Information and Communication Technology (ICT) between ASEAN countries (Thailand, Philippines, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Myanmar, Singapore and Brunei) through sharing of information experiences and best practice solutions. This is being established with funding from the ADB-ASEAN regional road safety program with some financial support from the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida). ASNet networking system was designed with the support of road safety and E-learning experts from Linkoping University/ The Department of Science and Technology (ITN) in Sweden. It aims to provide a common virtual platform for ASEAN members/ institutions for discussing issues affecting and/or related to the road safety field, and to exchange the expertise (best practises solutions) in the region as efficiently and widely as possible (e.g motorcycle problem and countermeasures). ASNet will also assist the ASEAN region with external support from international organisations/ experts to promote the road safety nationally and regionally. On this purpose, ASNet coordinators from Linkoping University in Sweden (see contact names down) have carried out the implementation of the ASNet programme through series of national training workshops in each of these ten ASEAN countries during 2004. The training took in most countries one week. In addition, two regional workshops were held, a start up Regional Workshop in December 2003 in Bangkok/ Thailand and one follow up Regional Workshop in May 2004 in Kuala Lumpur/ Malaysia. They aimed to identify next implementation steps. This project is financed by Sida, the Swedish International Development Agency.

Contact: Kenneth Asp, Per Lindskog, Ghazwan Al Haji

Techtrans (Developing E-learning Applications and Courses in Road Safety to Russian Universities)


Participants: Kenneth Asp, Per Lindskog, Ghazwan Al Haji

There has been a continuous co-operation since 1997 between Sweden and Russia within the fields of Traffic Environment and Road safety. This co-operation has been successful over a number of years. The next step is to find cost-efficient ways to build a sustainable technology transfer, which also make it possible to transfer the knowledge to the Russian regions. On December 2003 the Techtrans-project was started. It was planned to run over three years. The project aims of setting up a Sustainable Virtual Resource Centre at MADI (State Technical University) in Moscow, Russia and cooperate on education and training within the fields of Traffic Environment and Traffic Safety Management. On this purpose, multi training workshops/ visits were held in Sweden and Russia to train lectures and professors from MADI on how to implement E-learning technology in promoting road safety curriculum at the universities in Russia and at other Russian speaking universities. This project is financed by Sida, the Swedish International Development Agency.

Contact: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji

ICT in developing regions, "SPIDER-link ITN/LiU"


ICT in developing regions, "SPIDER-link ITN/LiU"
Participants: Kenneth Asp, Per Lindskog, Ghazwan Al Haji

The Swedish government has through the Swedish International Development Authority (SIDA) allocated funding to The Swedish Program for ICT in developing regions, "SPIDER" for a period of two and a half years, 2004-07-01—2004-12-31.

It is essential in developing of the ICT, to create programmes/applications – capacity building of both computer technology and domain knowledge -for higher education adapted to the needs of developing countries, which will make use of the investments to be made in the ICT sector in developing countries.

Linköping University, which has a long tradition of both ICT and computerised capacity building as well as international e-learning applications also with focus on the Third World countries was awarded funding for an ICT-project for cooperation with Burkina Faso, Sudan and Vietnam. The project was called SPIDER-link ITN/LiU, and will in a first phase ending during spring 2004 propose a project design for further cooperation. From Linköping University (ITN and IDA) will therefore be suggested that the SPIDER besides offering education in Information and Communication technologies also will be offered domain applications and technology ( e g courses) that are of crucial importance in order to achieve a sustainable future society e.g. Traffic Environment, Traffic safety using technology based on Geographical Information systems (GIS).

Contact: Kenneth Asp, Per Lindskog, Ghazwan Al Haji

RSDI (Road Safety Development Index)


Participant: Ghazwan Al Haji

Countries need to compare their own achievements in road safety with other countries where the awareness of the problem by public, decision- and policy makers are still not enough. The problem itself is underestimated in many countries, especially in developing countries and little progress will be achieved unless the country has good and standard measurement to rely on in comparisons, problem formulation, and for taking appropriate decisions. Two years ago, a study was started to establish some kind of index for ranking countries by assessing the road safety achievements in a country. Setting up an outline of “Road Safety Development Index (RSDI)” was proposed. This index puts together large amounts of information from different sources into measurable indicators, which will result in an easier format to rank road safety progress in different countries and even regions across the globe. We hope the ranking will help countries to identify why progress is achieved in one country in road safety far from the reach of another, especially in developing countries where the issues are challenging. At this stage, there is ongoing work on data collection from different international sources; and much of recent collected data comes from ASEAN countries in the above-mentioned ASNet project. Also, different methodologies are analysed and evaluated in this study in order to calculate RSDI and to develop a methodology more appropriate for most countries road safety situation.

Contact: Ghazwan Al Haji

Globesafe – a database for analyzing road safety in different countries


Participants: Kenneth Asp, Imad Eldin Ali, Ghazwan Al Haji

Together with the international organization GRSP (Global Road Safety Partnership) a database is being developed for statistical, geographical (GIS) and educational information as well as assessment tools for road safety analysis.

This database will be available on Internet to be used by different organizations as well as a tool in university education and research. The work to develop the database started in 2004.

Road traffic accidents and injury data and evidence is collected and stored by a range of agencies (Police, Health settings (e.g. hospital inpatient records, emergency room records, trauma registries, ambulance or emergency technician records, health clinic records, family doctor records), Insurance firms, Other private and public institutions, including transport companies, Government departments and specialized agencies collecting data for national planning and development, Special interest groups (e.g. research institutes, advocacy nongovernmental organizations, victim support organizations, transport unions, consulting firms, institutions involved in road safety activities) This reflects the multisectoral nature of the phenomenon and raises important issues to do with access, harmonization and linkages between different data sources and users. Ideally, where there are a number of data sources available, it is important that the data should be linked, to obtain maximum value from the information.

Accurate data are essential for prioritizing public health issues, monitoring trends and assessing intervention programmes. Many countries have inadequate information systems on road traffic injury, making it difficult to realize the full nature of the problem and thus gain the attention that is required from policy-makers and decision-makers. There are a number of areas where road traffic injury data are often problematic, and these include:

  • sources of data (e.g. whether data are from police or health sources);
  • the types of data collected;
  • inappropriate use of indicators;
  • non-standardization of data;
  • definitional issues related to traffic deaths and injuries;
  • poor harmonization and linkages between different sources of data.

Contact: Kenneth Asp, Ghazwan Al Haji


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Last updated: Fri Jan 15 14:29:45 CET 2016